Clinical Dermatology
Skin Mycosis
Mycosis is a common infection caused by microorganisms, which develop when they find the right conditions, such as heat and humidity. On our skin, there is always a certain amount of fungus. Normally, the skin forms a natural barrier against these fungi, but under certain conditions it can penetrate and cause infection. Excessive growth of fungi on the epidermis, scalp and nails causes infections, fungal infections, which are distinguished in:
  • Pityriasis Versicolor: Chronic surface fungal infection, mainly localized in the trunk and arms. It is characterized by circular or oval stains, with mild scalp, usually without accompanying symptoms. The disease is due to a lipophilic yeast, which is naturally present in adult skin. Heat, moisture and immunosuppression convert the fungus into its pathological condition by displaying the disease. The fact that the fungus belongs to saprophytes is the cause of frequent relapses.
 
  • Dermatophytosis: This fungal infection affects the skin's keratin layer, nails, hair. Infestations affecting the scalp concern children, while the frequency of onychomycosis increases with age. The clinical picture varies depending on the type of fungus. The most common mycosis photos of dermatophytosis show plaque erythematosus, clearly related to the surrounding healthy skin, with central healing and peripheral exfoliation usually in the exposed parts, erythema with mild scaling between the last toes, broken hairs on the scalp, hyperkeratotic plaque, change of part of the nail color and detachment of the free end of the nail. Usually the symptoms are accompanied by itching.
  • Candidiasis: It is a fungal infection due to the Candida Albicans fungus and it shows folds, mucous membranes and nails and can be burdened by various conditions such as diabetes, pregnancy, taking antibiotics and corticosteroids. Patients typically have erythematous plaques, peripheral blisters and itching.

How To Treat Skin Mycosis
Dermatologists at Dermatology & Cosmetics Lab will, determine a treatment or combine therapies for immediate and definitive resolution of the problem, depending on each case. Most frequently used treatments are:
  • Anti-fungal creams that are suitable for mild cases.
  • Local treatment with a pharmaceutical cream, gel or powder containing itraconazole, terbinafine or cyclopyrroxolamine.
  • Systemic oral therapy with medicines containing itraconazole, terbinafine or cyclopyrroxolamine. This treatment is indicated for cases of dermatophyte fungal infections, but because it is metabolised in the liver, it can not last for more than 7 days, and it is contraindicated in cases of sensitivity of the patient.
  • Laser therapy Ng-YAD, which is considered the ideal method of treating nails.
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